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Multiple other studies indicate that gut microbiome might be structured and function differently under different conditions, which call for studies on complex system analysis, e. A great diversity of functions, compositions of gut microbes and human personalized attributes create a necessity to find a viable approach applicable for the analysis of their interference as a complex system Machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms can analyze complex systems of gut microbiome and human health personalized responses in real time and provide applicable recommendations Complex multilayer interaction between food consumed, gut microbiome, health effects, and current advances achieved with application of artificial intelligence indicate the emergence of another driving node for transition of food systems.
The complexity of food-human-sustainability interaction is connected not only to multiple components, but also to the rapid expansion of the system. Human health is a category of direct impact of nutrients and environment, but not limited to those components. Social components of health care, life style, culture and traditions to name a few as complex systems themselves substantially complicate the food system. Then the estimation of safe operating boundaries of different scales requires not only smart artificial intelligence algorithms, but also a proper modeling of complex systems 36 , 64 , dynamic multilayer networks 69 , and ecodesign principles.
Nutritional Sustainability is differentiated from other concepts combining nutrition and sustainability via setting environmental sustaining capacity as aiming point, achievable via changing of key driving nodes for transformation of food systems. Current advances in nutritional science, food technologies, and complex food systems indicate that such a concept is emerging in the nearest future. Nutritional Sustainability concept does not contradict to other similar concepts sustainable nutrition security, nutritional LCA , but it calls for more definite estimation of the carrying capacity of the environment on personal, local, and national levels and identification of key driving nodes able guiding the dynamics of entire system.
Without such system boundaries and key driving nodes, theoretical and practical solutions would be limited in efficiency. SS and SB performed literature review. SS wrote the first draft of the manuscript. SB wrote sections on nutrition of the manuscript. VH provided input in sustainable food system design.
All authors contributed to manuscript revision, read, and approved the submitted version. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
The authors acknowledge the support of DIL e. German Institute of Food Technologies for the implementation of the study. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Nutr v. Front Nutr. Published online Apr Sergiy M. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Smetana ed. This article was submitted to Nutrition and Environmental Sustainability, a section of the journal Frontiers in Nutrition. Received Dec 11; Accepted Mar The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s and the copyright owner s are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.
No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Integration of nutritional and sustainable aspects is a complex task tackled by a few scientific concepts.
Keywords: nutritional sustainability, artificial intelligence, LCA, food ecodesign, personalized diet, complex food systems. Introduction: Feeding the World Population Sustainably Food systems, defined as compositions of interlinked elements and activities aimed for the production, processing, distribution, and consumption of food 1 , have been considered to include sustainability aspects for a long time 2. Open in a separate window.
Figure 1. Healthy Population and the Environment Emergence of Life Cycle Assessment LCA in food field supported the statements of finding ways for more efficient production to feed future growing population. Shifting Complex Food System to the Desired State The concept of Nutritional Sustainability can also be beneficial for recent research activities in multiple fields. Outlook Nutritional Sustainability is differentiated from other concepts combining nutrition and sustainability via setting environmental sustaining capacity as aiming point, achievable via changing of key driving nodes for transformation of food systems.
Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge the support of DIL e.
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Environmental Conservation. Burlingame B. Grand challenges in nutrition and environmental sustainability. Gustafson DI. Assessing sustainable nutrition security: the role of food systems. Agric Dev Notes. Seven food system metrics of sustainable nutrition security. Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people.
Food Policy Trends in Europe: Nutrition, Technology, Analysis and Safety [H Deelstra, M. Fondu, W Ooghe, R Van Havere] on bottmesakalas.ml *FREE* shipping on. bottmesakalas.ml: Food Policy Trends in Europe:Nutrition, Technology, Analysis and Safety (Ellis Horwood Series in Food Science and Technology).
Global trends in dietary micronutrient supplies and estimated prevalence of inadequate intakes. Overweight and obesity. London:Academic Press; Geneva: World Health Organization; Dietary guidelines for sustainability.